The word is recorded in English since 1481, as shadde, possibly a variant of shade. The word shade comes from the Old English word "sceadu", which means "shade, shadow, darkness". The term's P.Gmc. cognate, "skadwo" also means "shady place, protection from glare or heat".
The Old English word is spelled in different ways, such as "shadde", "shad" or "shedde", all of which come from an "Old Teutonic/Anglo-Saxon root word for separation or division". The first attested usage of the word, in 1481, was in the sentence, "A yearde in whiche was a shadde where in were six grete dogges". The Anglo Saxon word "shud", which means "cover" may also have been part of the development of the word. In 1440, a "shud" was defined as a "... schudde, hovel, swyne kote or howse of sympyl hyllynge [covering] to kepe yn beestys".
A fence is a free-standing structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. Fences are generally distinguished from walls by the lightness of their construction and their purpose. Walls are usually barriers made from solid brick or concrete, blocking vision as well as passage, while fences are used more frequently to provide visual sectioning of spaces.
Brushwood fencing, a fence made using wires either side to compact the brushwood material together.
Chain-link fencing, wire fencing made of wires woven together
Close-boarded fencing, Strong and robust fence constructed from morticed posts, arris rails and vertical feather edge boards
Concrete fence, easy to install and highly durable
Ha-ha (or sunken fence)
Hurdle fencing, made from moveable sections
Picket fences, generally a waist-high, painted, partially decorative fence
Roundpole fences, similar to post-and-rail fencing but more closely spaced rails, typical of Scandinavia and other areas rich in raw timber.
Slate fencing in Mid-Wales
Slate fence, a type of palisade made of vertical slabs of slate wired together. Commonly used in parts of Wales.
Split-rail fences made of timber, often laid in a zig-zag pattern, particularly in newly settled parts of the United States and Canada
Stockade fence, a variation of the picket fence that is typically 5 to 6 feet (1.5 to 1.8 m) high with pickets placed adjacent to one another with no space between. This type of fence is commonly used for privacy.
Wattle fencing, of split branches woven between stakes.
Wrought iron fencing, made from tube steel, also known as ornamental iron.
Hedgerows of intertwined, living shrubs (constructed by hedge laying)
Live fencing is the use of live woody species for fences.
Turf mounds in semiarid grasslands such as the western United States or Russian steppes`
Wall fences, including:
Dry-stone wall or rock fence, often agricultural
Smooth wire fence
Barbed wire fence
Woven wire fencing, many designs, from fine chicken wire to heavy mesh "sheep fence" or "ring fence"
Welded wire mesh fence